Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Discovery and development of antiviral medications are paramount for defense against new pathogens and old ones to evade current therapeutic agents. With the ongoing outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 (novel coronavirus), scientists have spent considerable efforts and dedication to helping identify antiviral products that could potentially cure, or eradicate this infectious virus. As a leader in drug discovery, Creative Biolabs is also driven to provide antiviral drug discovery services to help screen and identify effective antiviral drugs.

Brief Introduction of SARS-CoV-2

SARS-CoV-2 was classified as another clade within the Betacoronavirus genus, Coronaviridae family. Together with two other strains of Betacoronaviruses-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), SARS-CoV-2 has become a serious CoV infectious disease, causing worldwide concerns. It mainly exhibits symptoms of viral pneumonia including fever, dyspnea, bilateral lung infiltration, respiratory failure, even death. The genome of SARS-CoV-2 encodes four major structural proteins: the spike (S) protein, nucleocapsid (N) protein, membrane (M) protein, and the envelope (E) protein.

Cross-sectional illustration of SARS-CoV-2 virions. Fig.1 Cross-sectional illustration of 2019-nCoV virions.

Drug Discovery Services at Creative Biolabs

Equipped with cutting-edge techniques and years of experience in antiviral medication development, Creative Biolabs has rapidly integrated all-round resources and existing research results to develop effective antiviral drugs. Our comprehensive services begin with novel drug candidates screening, neutralizing antibody development, inhibitors discovery and follows a well-defined antiviral developmental pathway.

Antiviral Drug Discovery for SARS-CoV-2

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

High-throughput Screening (HTS) Services of SARS-CoV-2 Drug Candidates

HTS has made significant contributions to early-stage drug development. By screening large and entire libraries (e.g., combinatorial chemistry, genomics, protein, and peptide libraries) directly against the drug target, we can reveal several promising drug candidates to accelerate drug discovery.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Broad-spectrum SARS-CoV-2 Antiviral Drug Discovery Services

Antiviral drugs with broad-spectrum activities have been shown to significantly simplify the treatment of CoV infection. Therefore, the development of highly effective, broad-spectrum antiviral agents is a long pursued goal shared by the fields of virology and pharmaceutics. Interferon (α and β) is the most common antiviral drug with broad-spectrum efficiency.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Nucleoside Analogue Inhibitors

Nucleoside analog inhibitors are dNTPs or rNTPs that lack 3'-OH group. They have been a class of drug candidates with the potential for potent inhibition of CoV. These antiviral agents play an antiviral role through inhibition of RNA synthesis during viral replication.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Protease Inhibitors

Viral proteases act as essential regulators in CoV replication, so both proteases are considered attractive targets for antiviral therapeutics. It has been documented that protease inhibitors can effectively block the replication of SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV, provide a promising foundation for the development of protease inhibitors drug to block SARS-CoV-2.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Neutralizing Antibody Development

Neutralizing antibodies (nAbs) could be used in an outbreak setting for the prophylaxis and early treatment of emerging viral pathogens. In view of SARS-CoV-2, its structural spike proteins (S) are key to the infectivity and pathogenicity, indicating their great promise as an effective target of neutralizing antibodies.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Inhibitor of Host Cell Protease

Viral S-protein is often activated for fusion by host protease processing which is essential for the viral life cycle. So, host cell proteases have been recognized as critical determinants of coronavirus tropism and pathogenesis. Targeting host cell proteases has attracted numerous research efforts to develop antiviral drugs used against coronavirus infections safely and effectively.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Neuraminidase Inhibitors (NAIs)

NAIs are a class of antiviral agents that bind to the neuraminidase of the virus and prevent its cleavage, thus inhibiting the release of new virus particles. Commonly used as antiviral drugs in the clinic, neuraminidase inhibitors could be the drug treatment options for SARS-CoV-2.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Antiviral Peptide

Viral S-proteins attach to cell receptors, undergo proteolytic cleavage, and then refold in a process that catalyzes virus-cell membrane fusion, finally promotes the entry of CoV. Fusion-inhibiting peptides bind to S proteins and act as antiviral peptides to interfere with refolding, and prevent infection.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Abelson Kinase Inhibitors

Abelson (Abl) kinase inhibitor, such as imatinib, has been revealed to significantly reduce SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV viral titers and prevents endosomal entry. The membrane fusion (both virus-cell and cell-cell) is blocked in the presence of Abl kinase inhibitors, suggesting the potential as a promising drug for the treatment of emerging of SARS-CoV-2.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

RNA Synthesis Inhibitors

RNA synthesis inhibitors impede the formation of double membrane vesicles (DMVs), a hallmark of coronavirus replication. Therefore, they have broad antiviral activity against diverse coronaviruses, such as highly pathogenic SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Anti-inflammatory Drugs

anti-inflammatory drugs (such as hormones and other molecules) are a front-line treatment in the clinic and prophylactic for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Several nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) potently inhibit the entry of virus.

Vaccine Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

In Silico Vaccine Design

In silico identification of potential epitopes present in SARS-CoV-2 proteins is essential for vaccine design and putative drug development for treatment against viral infection. In vaccine design, databases and in silico tools play different but complementary roles.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Live Attenuated and Killed Vaccine

Scientists have shown that targeting the CoV conserved 2’O MTase in parallel with other conserved attenuating mutations is a promising strategy to generate live-attenuated and killed vaccine strains against current and future CoVs.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Recombinant Subunit Vaccine

Subunit vaccines usually include only the components, or antigens of virus, that best stimulate the immune system. Monomeric and trimeric recombinant SARS-CoV S protein subunit vaccine candidates showed complete protection in mice.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

mRNA Vaccine

mRNA vaccines represent a promising alternative to conventional vaccine approaches by introducing an mRNA sequence encoding the antigen. With the technological advances, mRNA vaccines have largely overcome issues with the instability of mRNA and the difficulty of delivering it into cells.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Modified Vaccinia Virus Vectored Vaccine

Modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) is an attenuated derivative vector for human applications due to its strong safety profile and immunogenicity in vivo. It now has been developed as a recombinant viral vector to produce vaccines against infectious diseases, such as CoVs infection.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Virus-Like Particles Based Vaccine

Virus-like particles (VLPs) are noninfectious multiprotein structures, based on which, scientists have developed VLPs-based vaccines as one of the most exciting emerging vaccine technologies for generating effective and long-lasting protection in infectious diseases.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Formulation Optimization Platform

Vaccine formulation is complex and should be tightly regulated. Vaccine formulation and optimization platform provides efficient antigens and immunomodulators for both vaccine potency and safety profiles.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Analysis & Qualification

Vaccine analysis and qualification services can help determine vaccine's purity, impurity, potency, and quantity. It's an important part of vaccine development.

Preclinical Research for SARS-CoV-2

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

In Vitro Systems for SARS-CoV-2 Drug Discovery

In vitro screening systems are critical aspects of disease modeling, drug screening and drug development. In vitro analyses are performed in the early stages of the drug discovery process, providing relevant information on the mechanism of action of drugs which is useful for making hazard-based decisions and informing decision-making in drug development process.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

In Vivo Models Development for SARS-CoV-2 Drug Discovery

In vivo models are a key part of antiviral drug discovery that significantly increase drug discovery efficiency. By in vivo screening assays, we can fully evaluate the efficacy, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and safety of a potential drug candidate before starting clinical studies in humans.

Drug Discovery Services for SARS-CoV-2

Animal Models for Cytokine and Chemokine Responses Study

In the development of antiviral drugs, animal models to measure the responses of circulating cytokines/chemokines and cytokine gene expression can test the efficacy and safety to ensure success.

Our antiviral drug discovery services include the development of small molecules, immune modulators, biologics and therapeutic antibodies. We provide necessary support from initial discovery, preclinical research to in vitro diagnostic (IVD) exploration. Tremendous efforts are currently being applied to eradicate and cure SARS-CoV-2.

If you are interested in our services, please feel free to contact us for professional technical support.

For Research Use Only. We do not provide services or products directly for patients.

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